How to Grow Cabbage

Cabbage is a cool-season crop that is easy to grow and packed with nutrients. It can be grown in the spring and fall and is perfect for both beginner and experienced gardeners. Follow this guide to learn how to grow delicious cabbage using organic methods.

What You’ll Need

  • Cabbage seeds or transplants
  • Well-draining soil
  • Compost
  • Watering can or hose
  • Mulch

Choosing the Right Variety

Cabbage comes in several varieties. Some popular types include:

  • Green Cabbage: Traditional round heads with a mild flavor.
  • Red Cabbage: Deep purple heads with a slightly peppery taste.
  • Savoy Cabbage: Crinkled leaves with a tender texture.

Preparing the Soil

Cabbage prefers well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of 6.0-7.0. Here�s how to prepare your soil:

  1. Loosen the Soil: Till the soil to a depth of 12 inches (30 cm). Remove any stones or debris that could impede root growth.
  2. Add Compost: Mix in 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) of compost to improve soil fertility and structure.
  3. Add Organic Matter: Incorporate well-rotted manure or homemade compost for added nutrients.

Planting Seeds or Transplants

Cabbage can be grown from seeds or transplants. Here�s how:

  1. Starting Indoors: Sow seeds 6-8 weeks before the last frost. Transplant seedlings outdoors after hardening off, spacing them 18-24 inches (45-60 cm) apart.
  2. Direct Sowing: Plant seeds 1/4 inch (0.6 cm) deep in rows spaced 18-24 inches (45-60 cm) apart. Thin seedlings to 18-24 inches (45-60 cm) apart once they have a few true leaves.

Watering and Care

Cabbage needs consistent watering and care. Follow these tips:

  • Water Regularly: Keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged. Water in the morning to reduce evaporation.
  • Mulch: Apply a layer of mulch around the plants to retain moisture and suppress weeds.


Cabbage benefits from organic fertilization. Use compost tea or fish emulsion every 3-4 weeks during the growing season.


Cabbage is ready to harvest when the heads are firm and tight. Here�s how to harvest:

  • Check Regularly: Harvest cabbage when the heads are fully formed and tight. Use a sharp knife to cut the heads from the plant.

Storing Cabbage

Cabbage can be stored in several ways:

  • In the Fridge: Store fresh cabbage in a plastic bag in the refrigerator crisper drawer. Use within 1-2 weeks.
  • In a Cool, Dry Place: Store cabbage in a cool, dry place for up to 2 months.

Tips and Tricks

  • Succession Planting: Sow seeds every 2-3 weeks for a continuous supply of fresh cabbage.
  • Companion Planting: Grow cabbage with beans, celery, or herbs to maximize garden space.


Growing cabbage using organic methods will help you achieve a bountiful harvest of delicious, homegrown cabbage. With proper care and attention, you can enjoy fresh cabbage from your garden all season long.

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