How to Grow Eggplant

Eggplant is a warm-season crop that can be grown in a variety of climates. It is easy to grow and comes in many shapes, sizes, and flavors. Follow this guide to learn how to grow delicious eggplants in your garden.

What You’ll Need

  • Eggplant seeds or transplants
  • Well-draining soil
  • Compost
  • Watering can or hose
  • Mulch

Choosing the Right Variety

Eggplants come in many shapes, sizes, and flavors. Some popular varieties include:

  • Black Beauty: Large, dark purple fruits.
  • Ichiban: Long, slender, dark purple fruits.
  • White Eggplant: Small, white fruits with a mild flavor.
  • Fairy Tale: Small, striped purple and white fruits.

Preparing the Soil

Eggplants prefer well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of 6.0-7.0. Here�s how to prepare your soil:

  1. Loosen the Soil: Till the soil to a depth of 8-10 inches (20-25 cm). Remove any stones or debris that could impede root growth.
  2. Add Compost: Mix in 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) of compost to improve soil fertility and structure.

Planting Seeds or Transplants

Eggplants can be grown from seeds or transplants. Here�s how:

  1. Starting Indoors: Sow seeds 8-10 weeks before the last frost. Transplant seedlings outdoors after hardening off, spacing them 18-24 inches (45-60 cm) apart.
  2. Direct Sowing: Plant seeds 1/4 inch (0.6 cm) deep in rows spaced 18-24 inches (45-60 cm) apart. Thin seedlings to 18-24 inches (45-60 cm) apart once they have a few true leaves.

Watering and Care

Eggplants need consistent watering and care. Follow these tips:

  • Water Regularly: Keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged. Water in the morning to reduce evaporation.
  • Mulch: Apply a 2-3 inch (5-7.5 cm) layer of mulch around the plants to retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  • Support: Use stakes or cages to support the plants and keep the fruit off the ground.


Eggplants benefit from regular fertilization. Use a balanced fertilizer (10-10-10) every 3-4 weeks.


Eggplants are ready to harvest when they have reached the desired size and color. Here�s how to harvest:

  • Check Regularly: Harvest eggplants when they are firm and glossy. Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to cut the fruit from the plant.

Storing Eggplant

Eggplants can be stored in several ways:

  • In the Fridge: Store fresh eggplants in a plastic bag in the refrigerator crisper drawer. Use within 1-2 weeks.
  • Freezing: Slice or dice eggplants and freeze in airtight containers for up to 6 months.

Tips and Tricks

  • Succession Planting: Sow seeds every 2-3 weeks for a continuous supply of fresh eggplants.
  • Companion Planting: Grow eggplants with tomatoes, basil, or beans to maximize garden space.


Growing eggplants using these methods will help you achieve a bountiful harvest of delicious, homegrown eggplants. With proper care and attention, you can enjoy fresh eggplants from your garden all season long.

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